High Voltage Oil Filled Cable Monitoring
21st Century energy demands mean that the electricity transmission and distribution network capacity is pushed hard. Low Pressure Oil Fluid Filled (LPOF) cables have been installed around the world since the 1960’s and many of those still in the ground are well past their typical design life of 30 years! As a consequence of their age and decreasing availability of labour to carry out preventative maintenance, these cable regularly suffer from oil leakage.
The Drallim Oilmon System provides a cost effective remote condition monitoring system that helps providers make the best use of their assets. Early warning of system leakage through performance analysis enables cost effective maintenance schedules to be developed.
OILMON equipment can be easily retro-fitted to complement or replace existing legacy installations. All asset and ambient measured parameters are combined to construct a true picture of how the cable is coping with strains imposed by customer load and the environment.
- Designed for HV environments
- High measurement accuracy
- -20 to 55ºC operation range
- <200 measurement points/RTU
- Autonomous RTU operation
- Data logging at RTU and server
- Direct DNP3 connectivity option
- Wireless or pilot connected RTU
- Continuous alarm checking
- Leak detection algorithm
- Web database application
- Scheduled or ‘ad-hoc’ reports
- Reduced cable oil usage
- Manual gauge reading eliminated
- Daily pressure data available
- Advanced leak trend warning
- Avoidance of major incidents
- Visibility of cable loading effect
- Tank pressure optimisation
- Improved maintenance efficiency
- Years of historic data records
- Improved Environmental profile
WebView provides Internet access to your asset performance data. You can view data graphs of recent and past events with the simple use of a web browser. Information such as ‘falling’ and ‘low’ alarms and algorithm detected slow oil leaks are highlighted. You can create reports and archive reading history.
Comparative pressure calculations enable leaky cables to be identified. Leak detection sensitivity is configurable. Preventive measures can be taken weeks in advance of potential cable insulation breakdown
Cable pumping records
Once a problem cable section has been identified, PFT techniques can be used to locate the leak. This graph illustrates a PFT loading procedure where oil is removed from tanks and replaced with a locating agent and then re-pressurised.
OILMON offers a range of alarm and performance report methods for the timely delivery of critical alarms and validated incident records
Used to collect data from monitoring transducers and relay it to the system server. Responsible for alarm management
A range of specially constructed and calibrated low power ultra-stable instruments suitable for use in harsh environments
OILMON, Drallim’s comprehensive monitoring system for oil filled cables, provides users with real time and historical information for leak detection and alarm indication. This is achieved by the remote monitoring of cables via several distributed sensors (RDT’s), which measure oil pressure, temperature and electric current as well as ambient temperature, ground temperature and atmospheric pressure. This data is stored on the system server for access by the WebView browser application which presents the user with various graphical trends and tabulated information. From the measured data, various aspects of a cables condition can be determined. Early warning of oil leaks is highlighted, determined from loss of pressure that is detected by the divergence alarm facility.
A typical OILMON system will comprise of the following modules:-
Pilot Cable Marshalling Box
The function of this is to provide an interconnection point between transducers and their pilot pair. It conforms to IP65 or IP68 (3m immersion) and is for use in pillar and pit installations.
Pressure RDT's are available for measurement of atmospheric or hydraulic pressure. Each one of these is an addressable 2-wire transducer to IP68, 0-7 Bar range, of high accuracy to 0.1% fsd over the full pressure and temperature calibrated range. It has 15kV induced voltage protection. The hydraulic model can be retrofitted to existing gauge cabinets.
Temperature RDT's are available for measurement of cable, ambient and ground temperatures. Each one of these is an addressable 2-wire, polarity independent transducer to IP68, -10ºC to +55º C range of high accuracy to ± 0.1ºC. It has 15kV induced voltage protection.
Each one of these is an addressable, two-wire, polarity independent transducer to IP68 with a 0-20mA i/p. The o/p is of Drallim proprietary Protocol. One transducer to be used per phase.
contact monitor RDT
The Drallim Contact Monitor transducer provides 3 separate volt-free contacts which can be easily deployed to monitor, record and annunciate remote plant or equipment access, as well as environmental conditions such as water levels in roadside kiosks, pits basements or substation housing. Each Contact Monitor is an addressable 2-wire transducer to IP68 c/w 15kV induced voltage protection.
This provides high voltage isolation and protection between the MCU and the pilot pairs (15kV). Isolation is provided independently for ac signals and for dc transducer power on each pair.
This Remote Monitoring Unit incorporates the RTU (Master Control Unit) and modem for sub-station installation. It receives the multiplexing signals from RDT’s via a pilot pair, addressing and reading of transducers, alarm processing and reporting. It has a Serial port for local interrogation. Optional digital outputs.
Cable Oil Isolator
This isolator is used to interconnect the insulation oil contained within a high voltage cable to a pressure gauge system used for the measurement of the oil pressure in the cable.
Scada alarm system